Type 1 diabetes cannot be prevented because the body’s immune system destroys the insulin producing cells. It usually appears before the age of 40 and particularly in childhood, but by far the most common form of diabetes is Type 2.
Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body doesn’t produce enough insulin, or the body’s cells don’t react to insulin. It is caused by a combination of our genes and our lifestyle.
Historically there are certain groups more at risk of Type 2 Diabetes, but with obesity becoming more of a problem in recent years, being overweight and/or having a large waist has put far more people at risk
Other groups at risk are those who:
- are from an African-Caribbean, Black African, Chinese or South Asian and over 25
- have a parent or sibling with diabetes
- have had high blood pressure, a heart attack or stroke
- have a history of polycystic ovaries, gestational diabetes or have given birth to a baby over 10 pounds (4.5kg)
- suffer from schizophrenia, bipolar illness or depression
How to tell if your waist is too big?
Research has defined a large waist, in this context, as more than 80cm for women and 90-94 cm in men.
A common misconception is that one’s trouser size indicates your waist size. However, for an accurate measurement, you need to find the bottom of your rib cage and the top of your hip bone; and measure around your middle at a point between these. For most people this will be in line with their navel).
What can employers do?
Paying more attention to the physical health and fundamental needs of staff and encouraging them to make lifestyle changes to can reduce diabetes risk and make a big difference to general health in the workplace. If your employees are looking after themselves well they are more likely to meet targets and less likely to take time off due to stress and anxiety.
Medigold Health have a strong track record in the provision of occupational health advice and are there to help if your employees are struggling with health problems. We can also help you put preventative measures in place so you can spot the warning signs are there before they become a bigger issue.
Contact Medigold Health today to find out how we can help improve the health of your staff.